A company's Income Statement is a financial report filed with earnings that is used to report a company's financial performance over a reporting period.

The main goal of the income statement is to understand a business' total net income, by subtracting total expenses & losses from total revenue & gains.

Net Income = (Total Revenue + Gains) - (Total Expenses + Losses)

The income statement shows how efficient operations and management team is at maximizing income while minimizing expenses.